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  • Writer's pictureStephen Nagrant

How to Calculate ROI in Multifamily Investing

How to Calculate ROI in Multifamily Investing

Introduction to How to Calculate ROI in Multifamily

Return on Investment (ROI) is one of the most critical metrics for any investor to understand. In the realm of multifamily real estate, it's no different. The ROI can help you evaluate the efficiency of an investment or compare the efficiency of several other investments. But how do we calculate ROI in the context of multifamily investing? Let's delve into the steps you need to take.

Understanding Return on Investment (ROI)

ROI measures the gain or loss generated on an investment relative to the money invested. It is typically expressed as a percentage and is used for personal financial decisions, to compare a company's profitability, or to compare the efficiency of different investments.

The ROI formula is:

ROI = (Net Profit / Cost of Investment) x 100%

Calculating ROI in Multifamily Investing

When calculating ROI for multifamily properties, we must consider two major components: the net profit from the investment and the total investment cost.

Step 1: Calculate Net Profit

The net profit from a multifamily property is derived from the rental income it generates, minus all associated expenses.

First, determine your total rental income. This includes all rent payments and any other income the property generates, such as fees for parking, laundry facilities, or pet rent.

Next, subtract your total operating expenses. This includes property management fees, maintenance costs, insurance, property taxes, and mortgage payments.

Net Profit = Total Rental Income - Total Operating Expenses

Step 2: Calculate the Cost of Investment

The investment cost includes:

  • The property's purchase price.

  • Closing costs.

  • Any renovations or repairs that are necessary to make the property rentable.

Cost of Investment = Purchase Price + Closing Costs + Reno. Costs

Step 3: Calculate ROI

Once you have these two figures, you can calculate the ROI.

ROI = (Net Profit / Cost of Investment) x 100%

Interpreting Your ROI

The ROI gives you a percentage that can be used to compare different investment opportunities. A higher ROI means a more efficient investment. However, it's important to note that ROI doesn't account for the time value of money or the risk associated with an investment, so it's not the only metric you should consider when evaluating potential investments.

Leveraging Technology to Calculate ROI

In today's digital age, investors can leverage modern technology to streamline calculating ROI. Sophisticated software platforms, like Real Estate Lab, provide tools that automate these calculations, saving you time and reducing the risk of errors.


Calculating ROI is essential in evaluating any potential investment in multifamily real estate. By understanding how to calculate and interpret this metric, you can make more informed investment decisions and maximize your returns.

Remember, the best investors are not those who take the most risks but those who best manage them. By understanding the mathematics behind your investments, you can manage your risks effectively and pave your way to successful real estate investing.



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